Results in robotic surgery for lung cancer
Over the last two decades, robotic surgery has accelerated in many surgical disciplines, including thoracic surgery. In the field of thoracic surgery, robotic surgical systems are used most commonly for the surgical treatment of lung cancer, increasing the number of patients undergoing a minimally invasive operation for pulmonary resection. Compared to current methods of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), the robot offers improved wristed motions, a magnified, high definition three-dimensional vision, and greater surgeon control of the operation. The robot may allow more surgeons to perform minimally invasive operations and perhaps, for a longer period of time. A number of institutional studies have published robotic outcomes data comparable to VATS with regard to the safety and efficacy. However, the major issues with the robot are its financial cost, training and credentialing. In this review, we will discuss the evolving techniques and long-term results of robotic surgery for lung cancer.